If you require a foreign exchange rate for a specific transaction, call or visit your bank or a reputable foreign exchange dealer. BYR Belarusian ruble p. Since , World Trade Press has been providing large-scale reference products to commercial enterprises, governmental agencies, NGOs and academic institutions. It is not intended to be exhaustive of all enterprises. We use the term tribal ranges rather than tribal boundaries as there is evidence that these were fluid instead of fixed.
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Please contact us with questions or assitance needed using this tool. Please note that data prior to October is not available. Select a country from the list below to view the embassy and consulates of in that country. World Currency Converter is a multi-lingual foreign exchange rate calculator for global businesses and world travelers.
Spot exchange rates are sourced from a broad base of commercial and bank sources worldwide and are precise to within four decimal places. The World Currency Converter app is available for your website or blog at a very reasonable monthly cost. This rate takes into account the added costs of transport and insurance. Also known as forex or fx. A benchmark interest rate that major global banks are prepared to pay for Eurocurrency deposits in the London interbank market.
A benchmark interest rate that major global banks charge each other in the London interbank market for short-term loans of one day to 12 months. The World Currency Converter is offered to users with no liability whatsoever assumed for errors in rates, conversions, trends, or otherwise.
If you require a foreign exchange rate for a specific transaction, call or visit your bank or a reputable foreign exchange dealer. Only they will be able to quote an actual rate and price for your specific transaction. The above map represents estimated tribal ranges in what is now the state of immediately prior to contact with European settlers. We use the term tribal ranges rather than tribal boundaries as there is evidence that these were fluid instead of fixed.
Also, please note that there is controversy within anthropologic and Native American communities regarding this subject. This tool contains a wide range of acronyms used in international trade. Please note that some entries are included for historic purposes and may not correspond to specific A-Z Dictionary of International Trade definition entries contained on this site.
The following tool provides a list of the most common business entities worldwide. It is not intended to be exhaustive of all enterprises. Nonprofit enterprises and informal associations are generally not included, unless they are in common use among traders. Emphasis has been given to private enterprises, rather than government or civil enterprises.
The detailed legal requirements for enterprises are complex and differ from country to country. Moreover, the usually have little meaning within a general definition or comparison of enterprises. The following definitions include some of these details for the purposes of giving a general idea of the relative size and complexity of the enterprises, but it is beyond the scope of this work to list and explain every legal nuance, and exception to the exception.
For more detailed information, advice should be sought from legal counsel in the relevant country. Similarly, the word "incorporate" in many countries refers to the procedure for registration of a business, even a partnership; therefore usage of this word has been avoided.
Stock usually refers to an ownership interest evidenced by a formal document issued by the enterprise. Share has a broader meaning in that it can describe a formal interest such as a stock as well as a less formal interest such as in a partnership. Shares can have different characteristics depending upon the type of enterprise and country of the enterprise. Search airline callsigns, airline ownership names, 3-letter ICAO designator codes, 2-character IATA designator codes, and country of registry for more than airlines internationally.
You can search according to the criteria directly below. Please note that a number of defunct airlines are listed here for informational purposes. The following form can be used to find country codes for more than countries and territories worldwide. These codes are used to identify countries where a code or abbreviation is helpful. These are not currency or dialing codes. For currency codes see "Currencies of the World. FIPS 10 codes are intended for general use throughout the U.
Government, especially in activities associated with the mission of the U. Department of State and national defense programs. ISO includes two- and three-character alphabetic codes and three-digit numeric codes that may be needed for activities involving exchange of data with international organizations that have adopted that standard. The 8th edition established trigraph codes for each country based upon the ISO alpha-3 character sets. These codes are used throughout NATO.
This glossary of computer terms is not meant to be exhaustive. Rather, it is designed to offer the user a solid base in understanding the basic terms of computing with an emphasis upon Internet technology and e-commerce. Note that many terms are listed by their acronym when common usage dictates. In some instances the full term is spelled out with a cross reference to the main entry. This page can be used to find individuals or groups that are restricted from commercial transactions with US exporters.
This data is referred to as the Denied Persons List. Use the search field below to find specific tariffs, or browse the full document here. This tool provides the nautical distance from major global seaports to selected other ports in the world. Security is a very broad field. Up until the mid s, security was primarily concerned with loss prevention from a logistics and retail perspective , labor unrest and military issues.
Since that time, data security, cyber security, industrial espionage, and terrorism have become the hot new issues facing companies and governments alike. A comprehensive listing of security terms would fill an entire reference book.
The emphasis of this glossary is to introduce the international trade and logistics reader to a sampling of key terms used primarily in supply chain management and data security. As part of its enforcement efforts, OFAC publishes a list of individuals and companies owned or controlled by, or acting for or on behalf of, targeted countries.
It also lists individuals, groups, and entities, such as terrorists and narcotics traffickers designated under programs that are not country-specific. The Unverified List includes names and countries of foreign persons who in the past were parties to a transaction with respect to which the U. Any transaction to which a listed person is a party will be deemed by BIS to raise a Red Flag with respect to such transaction within the meaning of the guidance set forth in Supplement No.
The Red Flag; applies to the person on the Unverified List regardless of where the person is located in the country included on the list.
Take the Next Step Online Demo. Global Trade Tools offer practical, professional-level data modules covering the key aspects of trade and logistics. Usage Reports Select a date range to run a report: Important Note As of October , a new reporting tool has been implemented to provide better user tracking. Server Uptime Month Uptime. Countries Viewed Country Views. Cities Viewed City Views.
States Viewed State Views. Resources Viewed Resource Views. The following are the largest national banks in. Foreign Embassies and Consulates in. National Private Day Schools. AFN Afghan afghani Af. ALL Albanian lek Lek. AOA Angolan kwanza Kz. BYR Belarusian ruble p. BTN Bhutanese ngultrum Nu. BWP Botswana pula P. HRK Croatian kuna kn. DKK Danish krone kr. DJF Djiboutian franc Fdj. ETB Ethiopian birr Br. GMD Gambian dalasi D. GTQ Guatemalan quetzal Q.
HTG Haitian gourde G. HNL Honduran lempira L. HUF Hungarian forint Ft. IDR Indonesian rupiah Rp. LVL Latvian lats Ls. LSL Lesotho loti L. MGA Malagasy ariary Ar. MDL Moldovan leu L. MMK Myanma kyat K. NOK Norwegian krone kr. PYG Paraguayan guarani Gs.
RON Romanian leu lei. SOS Somali shilling S. SZL Swazi lilangeni L. To install tor and privoxy daemons on a debian-linux based operating system, simply install it from the repository:. After the installation you can setup the tor- and privoxy daemon according to this manual. To let console applications know that there is a local proxy listening, you have to set the proxy environment variables permanently in your. From now on, console applications try to communicate through privoxy and tor to the outside world, but there is one important step to guarantee that nothing else on your machine communicates with the outside world without tor:.
As already mentioned above you need to protect your privacy from your own mistakes. The iptables rules below make sure that nothing on your system communicates without tor. Please make sure that these rules are are automatically loaded after each boot up and do not rely on activating them manually.
The following iptables rules assume a debian-linux based operating system like kali, ubuntu or mint. The below users debian-tor and privoxy might have different names on other linux distributions. Here are the firewall rules:. The easiest way to evaluate this is to have a web- server somewhere, login via ssh through the tor-tunnel from your machine to the web-server and use tcpdump on the web-server to check if there are any incoming datapackets originating from your machine.
If you do see any datapackets originating from your machine on your web-server, you did something wrong and your original IP address has been revealed. This is the moment you get caught. Your ssh-connection as well as every single tool you use for penetration testing should be tested via tcpdump. The above rules make sure that even pings ICMP packets cannot be sent to the target machine. There are several ways to encrypt a partition, i. You can from now on open the encrypted partition via option luksOpen and then mount it as usual:.
Please note that the device name crypt such as ext4 as filesystem format is optional. If you need a swap partition, you have to encrypt it as well.