Religion in Pakistan

 


The final draft of the Constitution was prepared in Awami Jamhuri Ittehad Pakistan. You can pair it with the mobile phone. If the other house passes it without amendment, it shall be presented to the president for assent.

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The term of this Assembly was three years. The norm was established that if the president was from West Pakistan, the Speaker was to be from East Pakistan and vice versa. One of the major achievements of this Assembly was the passage of Political Parities Act, This was the first Assembly elected on the adult franchise and population basis.

It consist of members, from East Pakistan and from West Pakistan including 13 reserved seats for women 6 were from West Pakistan and 7 from East Pakistan. Soon after the elections, due to grave political differences, the Province of East Pakistan seceded from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh.

On 20 December Mr. Under this Constitution, the National Assembly was not to be dissolved earlier than 14 August The Interim Constitution dealt in detail with the distribution of powers between the Centre and the Provinces.

The Assembly also formed a Constitution Committee on 17 April to prepare the first draft for framing a Constitution. The report of the Committee was presented with a draft Constitution on 31 December It was unanimously passed by the Assembly in its session on 10 April and was authenticated by the president on 12 April This Constitution, called the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan , was promulgated on 14 August On the same day, Mr.

Fazal Illahi Choudhary took oath as the president of Pakistan. The Constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government where the executive authority of the state vests with the Prime Minister. The President, according to the Constitution, is at the apex, representing the unity of the Republic. From to , the country had had a unicameral system, but under the Constitution, Pakistan adopted a bicameral federal legislature, called Parliament, composed of the President, the Senate and the National Assembly.

Originally, the general seats of the National Assembly were with additional 10 seats reserved for women, bringing the total strength to The newly created Upper house i. Later in through a Presidential Order P. Ten seats were exclusively reserved for minorities to be filled through separate electorate system. Thus the total strength of the lower house reached to members.

Similarly the size of the Senate was also increased from 63 to 87 members. Under the Constitution the National Assembly is elected for five years term, unless sooner dissolved.

The seats in National Assembly, unlike the Senate, are allocated to each province and other units of the federation, on the basis of population. The Constitutional provision of 20 special seats for women lapsed in , thus decreased the Assembly strength from to Under the Constitution, elections to the 10 seats reserved for minority were held on separate electorate basis.

Despite the tenure of the Assembly being five years, as prescribed in the Constitution, Mr. Bhutto, on 7 January announced the holding of elections before time. Consequently, on 10 January , he advised the president to dissolve the National Assembly. Elections were held on 7 March The opposition charged the government with rigging the elections to the National Assembly and thereafter boycotted the Provincial Assemblies elections.

Since the opposition had not accepted the National Assembly elections result, they did not take oath. On 24 December , under Presidential Order P. Its members were nominated by the president. The first session of this Council was held on 11 January In this way, limited and controlled political activities were resumed. General elections were later held for the National and Provincial Assemblies on 25 February , on non-party basis. On 2 March , the revival of Constitution Order P.

Article 1 substituted the name "Parliament" for the more Islamic term Majlis-e-Shoora. He received vote of confidence on 24 March In November , the 8th Constitutional Amendment was adopted by the Parliament. Besides changes in other Articles in the Constitution the significant Article 58 2 b was added, according to which the president acquired discretionary powers to dissolves the National Assembly. On 29 May the Assembly was dissolved by the president by using the power acquired under Article 58 2 b.

The General elections for the eighth National Assembly was held on 16 November The first session was convened by the President on 30 November The General elections for the ninth National Assembly was held on 24 October The first session was held on 3 November The dissolution of the National Assembly was challenged in the Supreme Court of Pakistan and after hearing the case the Assembly was restored by the Supreme Court on 26 May The Assembly was later dissolved on the advice of the Prime Minister on 18 July The elections for tenth National Assembly was held on 6 October The first session was held on 15 October The elections for eleventh National Assembly was held on 3 February The first session was held on 15 February Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif took oath as prime minister of Pakistan and leader of the house on 17 February The new Assembly came into power with an overwhelming majority.

The Article 58 2 b was later on omitted from the Constitution vide 13th Amendment in the Constitution in April It may be pertinent to note at this point that while, ostensibly, sixteen amendments have been made in the Constitution so far, the ninth and the eleventh Constitutional Amendments were, however, passed by the Senate alone and fifteenth by the National Assembly alone, hence these amendments lapsed.

The fourteenth Amendment in the Constitution empowered a check on floor crossing of legislators. Muhammad Rafiq Tarar was, however, allowed to continue in his office. Under PCO order No. The Court in its judgment on 12 May validated the military takeover by giving three years time frame to the government, starting from 12 October The Court in its judgement asked the government to complete its agenda and then hand over powers to the elected government.

The court also allowed the military government to bring necessary Constitutional Amendments, provided that those should not change the basic feature of Federal Parliamentary democracy, independence of judiciary and Islamic provisions in the Constitution.

The court reserved the right of Judicial Review and power of validity of any act or any action of the government, if challenged, in the light of State necessity. On 20 June , through a notification C. On the same day, through another Order C. The elections for twelfth National Assembly was held on 10 October Mir Zafar ullah Jamali was elected leader of the house on 21 November On this issue, Opposition Parties submitted a resolution for vote of no confidence against Speaker National Assembly on 20 June which was rejected on 28 June National Assembly of Pakistan expressed confidence in the leadership of President General Pervez Musharaf through the resolution on 1 January Shaukat Aziz was elected the leader of the house on 27 August and was administered oath of the Prime Minister of Pakistan on 28 August National Assembly of Pakistan completed its Constitutional tenure on 15 November After the resignation from the post of Chief of Army Staff, Mr.

The date of next General Election was fixed for 28 January After the assassination of Muhatarma Benazir Bhutto on 27 December , date of election was rescheduled for 18 February The first session of the National Assembly was held on 17 March Fehmida Mirza and Mr. He addressed the Joint Session of the Parliament on 20 September Answer can be from islamabad lahore. Spam comments will not be approved at all. Post your opinion for Palm Palm. Xiaomi Redmi 6 Reviews. Feroz khan January 04, Samsung Galaxy J7 Reviews.

Gulshan January 04, MegaGate Movie Reviews. Ghulam murtaza January 04, Samsung Galaxy Tab A Members of this religious group have suffered persecution specifically from Mughal Emperors. Shias have also been elected into top offices in the country. The Shia community is spread across the country with distinct communities including Bangash, Qizilbash, Hazaras, Baltis, and Bohris.

Hinduism in Pakistan is practiced by the Hindus of Pakistani descent. Pakistani Hindus constitute 1. The majority of the Hindus in Pakistan live in the Sindh Province. Hindus consider Indus River as very holy and a place of pilgrimage. They are also allotted separate seats in the provisional, national, and Senate assemblies. Christianity is one of the largest non-Muslim religions in Pakistan.

Later, when Europeans settled in Pakistan, more Muslims were converted to Christianity.